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Pre-primary education obligation

Starting 1 August 2015, a child must attend a year-long pre-primary education or other activities that fulfill the objectives of pre-primary education the year before the compulsory basic education begins.

Pre-primary education according to the Basic Education Act

Official, free-of-charge pre-primary education according to the Basic Education Act is provided by daycare centres and schools decided by the municipality. In addition, there are a few education providers that have been granted permission from the state to organise pre-primary education. Applying for pre-primary education takes place in a manner and schedule decided by the municipality. Pre-primary education is free-of-charge. The municipality is obligated to offer a child a pre-primary education place.

Objectives of pre-primary education

Pre-primary education is curriculum-based education supporting children’s growth, development and learning potential in a peer group. Operations are planned in a child-oriented manner and their task is to strengthen the children’s positive self-image and conception of themselves as learners. In pre-primary education, children have opportunities to involve themselves in diverse interaction and strengthen their social skills.

Other activities meeting the objectives of pre-primary education

A child’s guardian must ensure that the child attends pre-primary education or other activities meeting the objectives of pre-primary education.

If the guardians fail to apply for a place for the child in the official pre-primary education places decided by the municipality, the guardians must arrange activities, which the meet of the objectives of pre-primary education for the child in some other manner.

Activities that meet the objectives defined in the National Core Curriculum for Pre-primary Education constitute activities meeting the objectives of pre-primary education. Daycare does not constitute activities meeting the objectives of pre-primary education.

Pre-primary education objectives are detailed in the Finnish National Board of Education’s National Core Curriculum for Pre-primary Education:
National Core Curriculum for Pre-primary Education 2010 (pdf, in Finnish)

Pre-primary education is not part of compulsory education and the municipality has no supervision obligation even if a child does not attend pre-primary education arranged according to the Basic Education Act.

More from the subject
You can read more about the legislation regarding the pre-primary education obligation with justifications at the Finlex website:
Government Proposal to Parliament for an Act Amending Sections 26a and 35 of the Basic Education Act (in Finnish)

Information



09.10.2020 15:53